Sustainability in Urban Planning
Linus Owns, Department of Sociology, Middlebury College
Mary Ann Cunningham, Department of Earth Science and Geography, Vassar College
Urban and regional planning connect to sustainability in countless ways, both philosophical and practical. We explore some of the philosophical factors first. This section is followed by a more pragmatic overview of some of the factors that can help cities, states, institutions, or communities aim toward sustainability. The first segment (by L.O.) outlines key ideas to consider in alternative approaches to planning. The second segment (by M.A.C.) considers further how these ideas play out in the cities we visited, and ideas that might guide US communities toward practices that are healthier for people and their environments.
The ideas in this document were informed by the many people who shared their time and thoughts with us. We thank Lasse Moeller-Jensen and Lars Winther (University of Copenhagen, Department of Geology and Geography); Andreas (CopenhagenX); Stine Rasmussen, Tage Duer, and Jacob Vastrup (Danish Energy Agency); Thorkild Green, Pablo Celis, and Thomas Drivsholm (City of Århus Planning Department); and Jürgen (Freiburg Mobile).